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Tense | Learn Tense in English Grammar in Hindi -- www.njitm.com

  • 12 Sep 2021
Tense | Learn Tense in English Grammar in Hindi -- www.njitm.com

Tenses –Types
    Tense ??? ?????? ?? ???? ???? (There are three types of Tenses)   

  • Present  (?????????)       –     ??????? ???
  • Past       (?????)       –     ??? ???
  • Future    (??????)     –     ?????? ???

???????? ?? ??? ?????? ???? ???? (Each one has four sub types)
  • Indefinite
  • Continuous
  • Perfect
  • Perfect continuous. 

Present Indefinite Tense (?? Tense ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??, ??, ?? ?? ?????? ???? ???)

Tense

Rule

Affirmative (????????? ?????)

Subject + verb 1st form+ s, es (3rd Person singular subject ?? ???) + object.

Negative (????????? ?????)

Subject + does/do + not + verb 1st form + object

Interrogative (?????????? ?????)

Subject + does/do + subject + verb 1st form + object?

Negative Interrogative (????????? ?????????? ?????)

Subject + does/do + subject + not + verb 1st form + object?

 


Present Continuous Tense (?? Tense ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ??? ??, ??? ??, ??? ???, ??? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???)

Tense

Rule

Affirmative (????????? ?????)

Subject + is/am/are + verb 1st form+ ing + object.

 

Negative (????????? ?????)

Subject + is/am/are + not + verb 1st form+ ing + object.

 

Interrogative (?????????? ?????)

Subject + is/am/are + subject + verb 1st form+ ing + object?

 

Negative Interrogative (????????? ?????????? ?????)

Subject + is/am/are + subject + not + verb 1st form+ ing + object?

 


Present Perfect Tense (?? Tense ??? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ???? ??, ???? ??, ???? ???, ???? ??? , ???? ??, ???? ??, ?? ??, ?? ??, ?? ?? ??? ?? ?????? ???? ???)


Tense

Rule

Affirmative (????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have + verb 3rd form + object. (3rd Person singular Subject’ ?? ??? – has, ???? ??? Subjects ?? ??? – have ?? ????? ????)

Negative (????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have+ not + verb 3rd form + object.

Interrogative (?????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have + subject + verb 3rd form + object?

Negative Interrogative (????????? ?????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have + subject + not + verb 3rd form + object?


Present Perfect Continuous Tense (?? Tense ??? present continuous ?? ??????????? ?? ??? ??? ?? ????? ???? ?? ??? ?? ??? "??" ?? ????? ???? ??? ??????? ??? ?? ??? Since ? ???????? ??? ?? ??? For ?? ????? ???? ??? ???? ????? ????? ??? )

For (??) ???????? ???

Since (??) ??????? ???

1.  Since 6 AM/9 o’clock etc.

2.  Since (year) 1992/ 2020 etc.

3.  Since Monday/ Tuesday

4.  Since morning/ evening/ afternoon/ night

5.  Since childhood/birth

6.  Since that day

1.  For  2 seconds/  2 minutes/ 2 hours / 2 days/ weeks/ 2 months/ 2 years / 2 centuries etc.

2.  For a long (???? ??? ??)

3.  For a while (??? ??? ??)

4.  For many days/ hours/ months/ years etc.


Tense

Rule

Affirmative (????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have been + verb 1st form+ ing + object+ since/for + (3rd Person singular Subject’ ?? ??? – has been ????? ??? Subjects ?? ??? – have been)

Negative (????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have + not been + verb 1st form+ ing + object+ since/for + .

Interrogative (?????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have + subject + been + verb 1st form + ing + object+ since/for + ?

Negative Interrogative (????????? ?????????? ?????)

Subject + has/have + subject + not + been + verb 1st form+ ing + object+ since/for + ?



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